Different Coffee Beans

There are a number of coffee bean varieties available for you to buy but how do you know which one is suitable for which type of brew – say the espresso, or black coffee. Well the simple answer is – ALL coffee beans from all countries are unique and will give their texture and flavour to any brew you make. To notice the maximum amount of flavour, we recommend brewing espresso or black coffee so that the individual notes of the different compounds in a brilliant coffee bean can be identified. There are two types of coffee beans – Arabica and Robusta. Arabica is the one breed you want. This bean produces the delicious aroma and fruity flavours which makes us go gaga for well sourced coffee beans. Arabica beans constitute roughly 60% of the entire coffee production of the world, while Robusta beans are grown to supply to the instant coffee industry because it’s bitter taste, lack of aroma and fewer flavoured compounds.

Pro Tip: – For perfect brews of coffee, it’s better to follow these few simple rules –

  • Don’t Buy pre ground coffee. Always choose Whole Bean coffee because pre ground coffee is already stale and tastes muddy when brewed. This is because whole bean is better at locking away the Carbon Dioxide which slowly releases itself from the bean after roasting. Ground coffee makes it extremely easy to release the CO2 hence the coffee is already stale by the time it reaches the store. Always grind your coffee just before brewing for the best experience.
  • Don’t Buy Robusta coffee. These coffee beans are bitter with very little exquisite flavour compounds as compared to Arabica beans. Robusta beans do have more caffeine content however, these beans are made into instant coffee which we all know is really awful.
  • Don’t buy coffee which mentions “100% pure coffee”. This statement itself is suspicious because if the manufacturer has used pure coffee, why do they need to specify it? This is suspicious and the coffee may have dubious sources. Avoid these coffee packets.
  • Buy Fair Trade Coffee. Fair trade means the producers which are usually in Third World Countries are treated fairly and are properly compensated by the coffee company. This means an ethical committee has certified that these beans were not made by abusing native workers and comes guilt-free.
  • If possible, roast your own beans or buy from a trusted local roaster. This ensures the freshest beans for your coffee daily. Coffee becomes stale after 14 days even with proper storage facilities. Coffee after 14 days can be used to brew cold brew coffee but won’t make a decent espresso or any other brew. Stale coffee does not “Bloom” either, which is an indicator that the coffee has degassed completely and is now stale.

Now that we got that out of the way let us look at the different varieties of Arabica coffee known to us.

Colombian, Peruvian and South American

This is the most famous coffee in North America and for very good reasons. This coffee has a beautiful well balanced taste between acidic and bitter compounds. There are caramel and nutty tones and Colombia as well as Peru are consistently amongst the top three best coffee producing countries in the world. There is a clean aftertaste in these types of coffee. Known for being mild and mellow with strong aroma, Colombian coffee is an experience of its own.

Brazil

Due to the vast variety of landscapes in this big country, there are lots of variants of the Brazilian coffee which earns it a separate slot on our list of coffee strains. Brazilian coffee has a distinct strong peanut-like quality as well as a strong flavour which makes it excellent for espresso roasts. This is less clean in its aftertaste in comparison with other South American coffee types such as the Colombian coffee.

Central America

Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico and Guatemalan are some of the examples of this type of coffee beans. These beans are famous for having fruity undertones ranging from cherry tones in Mexican coffee to apple tones in Guatemalan coffee. Costa Rican coffee is different because of the volcanic soil which gives it’s beans the characteristic walnut-like undertones. These countries have hugely influenced the North American coffee scene mainly due to its close proximity to the USA, which makes it much more cheaper and easier to import these coffees as compared to African variants.

African

African coffees all have a unique flavour akin to wine-like tones and are deliciously fruity. Kenyan, Ethiopian coffee are the most famous types with Ethiopian ‘Harrar‘ being considered one of the best types of coffee in the world. This coffee grows specifically in the altitudes of 4500 and 6300 feet above sea level and has wine and fruity undertones. Kenyan coffee is also very fruitlike and is a favourite in every aficionado’s household and cafe. Tanzanian coffee is another famous variant known for it’s intense deep, aromatic properties and blackcurrant-like flavour tones.

These coffees have a strong pervading aroma, are bright cups of coffee and go extremely well with medium roast levels.

Another country which is a recent addition to high grade Arabica beans is Nicaragua. These coffees are famous for its fruity apple and berry like tones and chocolaty undertones which is dark and almost like cacao beans. Nicaraguan coffee is excellent for medium and dark roasts.

Sumatran and Indonesian

Full bodied and low levels of acidity, these beans are excellent for dark roasts. Due to special soil in these places, there is a pervading earthy, sweet and herb-like taste to the coffee while also giving it an intense and unique aroma profile. These coffee types are preferred for it’s low acidity levels.

Since the beans from Sumatran are earthy and dark, they are well suited for dark roasting. Some people are turned off by Sumatran coffee’s low acidity profile however these coffees do make a delicious espresso shot.

Hawaiin

The Kona variety of coffee is the most famous type of Hawaiin coffee beans. This breed is especially famous for it’s floral aroma which arises if the beans grew in the rainy months with intense sunshine. The Kona beans are highly sought after all over the world.

The beans are grown 2000 feet above sea level on the volcanic soil of the Mauna Loa and Hualalai Volcanoes in the state. The coffee has a rich, light and delicate taste and is an excellent choice for light and medium roast levels to properly appreciate the aroma and flavours of the beans.

Kopi Luwak or Civet Coffee

You have probably heard of this coffee which is the most expensive coffee on the planet and is harvested from the fecal matter of Civet cats. Due to the expensive price tag on this coffee, an industry has been developed which sources the coffee from caged civet cats which are force fed coffee fruit in order to obtain the expensive poop. Due to it’s lack of proper traceability, even stamps of fair treatment can’t be trusted yet and there is no doubt that Kopi Luwak has a dark underbelly behind its operations which have been known to practice animal cruelty. It’s better if you avoid this coffee strain.

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